Key Stage 1

Years One & Two

In these two years your child will follow the National Curriculum. This covers work in English, Maths, Science, Computing, Geography, History, R.E., P.E., Art, Music, Design Technology and PHSE and Citizenship.


Each subject has a programme of study that we follow. English and Maths are taught daily. These lessons are structured to allow your child to learn as quickly as possible, the skills needed in reading, writing and maths. The activities are planned at different levels to ensure that your child is given work which is at the correct level for them. We work hard to develop the children’s learning in these subjects through all other areas of the curriculum as well as in these specific lesson times.


The other subjects in the curriculum are usually taught in the afternoon through topic-based lessons. We aim to give your child the opportunity to be creative and to link their learning in different parts of the curriculum. We plan the work around shared interests in the class and work takes place both inside and outdoors.




At Oatlands Infant School, we aim to provide children with all the skills to become creative, confident and fluent readers and writers; so that they may enter the wider world as thoughtful and vocal individuals.

Children explore high quality texts, experience high quality teaching and modelling from experienced staff and embed their knowledge through individual and collaborative work in order to achieve their best.



Teaching ensures that work in ‘speaking and listening’, ‘reading’ and ‘writing’ is integrated through all areas of the curriculum and children are given sufficient opportunities to apply what they have learnt. 

In English, during Key Stage 1 pupils learn to speak confidently and listen to what others have to say. They begin to read and write independently and with enthusiasm. They use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds.  More information can be found using the the links below.


"A person who never made a mistake, never tried anything new" - Albert Einstein


At Oatlands Infant School, we adapt a knowledge and mastery approach to mathematics to encourage children to become resilient, confident problem-solvers. We want all our pupils to have the courage to explore, experiment and think critically about their learning especially when faced with new challenges.  

Children are challenged through a variety of high-quality, purposeful activities where they show their workings using concrete resources before establishing more formal ways of representing their understanding. We aim for children to use the appropriate vocabulary and reasoning skills when explaining their methods in order to apply their skills in real-life contexts and become mathematical thinkers.


The Maths Curriculum

In Key Stage 1 we follow the National Curriculum for maths and teach for mastery. This is to encourage and allow all children to work together on the same topic so that all children are able to gain a deeper understanding and proficiency. The National Curriculum aims to ensure that all pupils :

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. 
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language. 
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. 


Key Instant Recall Facts (KIRFs) are designed to support the development of the mental skills that underpins the work done in school. Above is an overview of what your child will learn each half-term. 


During Key Stage 1 pupils observe, explore and ask questions about living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to work together to collect evidence to help them answer questions and to link this to simple scientific ideas. They evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They use reference materials to find out more about scientific ideas. They share their ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables.


During Key Stage 1 pupils explore ICT and learn to use it confidently and with purpose to achieve specific outcomes. They start to use ICT to develop their ideas and record their creative work. They become familiar with hardware and software.


During Key Stage 1 pupils investigate their local area and a contrasting area in the United Kingdom or abroad, finding out about the environment in both areas and the people who live there. They also begin to learn about the wider world. They carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom. In doing this they ask geographical questions about people, places and environments, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps and photographs.


During Key Stage 1 pupils learn about people’s lives and lifestyles. They find out about significant men, women, children and events from the recent and more distant past, including those from both Britain and the wider world. They listen and respond to stories and use sources of information to help them ask and answer questions. They learn how the past is different from the present.


During Key Stage One children learn mainly about Christianity and Islam. These religions will be studied through seven themes: Story, Myself, Belonging, Leaders and Teachers, Celebrations, Symbols and Believing. The children will be encouraged to think about questions based around these themes. Our teaching and learning styles in Religious Education enable children to build on their own experience and extend their knowledge and understanding of religious traditions. 

Personal, Social & Health Education

During Key Stage 1 pupils learn about themselves as developing individuals and as members of their communities, building on their own experiences and on the early learning goals for personal, social and emotional development. They learn the basic rules and skills for keeping themselves healthy and safe and for behaving well. They have opportunities to show they can take some responsibility for themselves and their environment. They begin to learn about their own and other people’s feelings and become aware of the views, needs and rights of other children and older people. As members of a class and school community, they learn social skills such as how to share, take turns, play, help others, resolve simple arguments and resist bullying. They begin to take an active part in the life of their school and its neighbourhood.

Art & Design

During Key Stage 1 pupils develop their creativity and imagination by exploring the visual, tactile and sensory qualities of materials and processes. They learn about the role of art, craft and design in their environment. They begin to understand colour, shape and space and pattern and texture and use them to represent their ideas and feelings.

Design & Technology

During Key Stage 1 pupils learn how to think imaginatively and talk about what they like and dislike when designing and making. They build on their early childhood experiences of investigating objects around them. They explore how familiar things work and talk about, draw and model their ideas. They learn how to design and make safely and could start to use ICT as part of their designing and making.

Teaching should ensure that ‘knowledge and understanding’ are applied when ‘developing ideas’, ‘planning’, ‘making products’ and ‘evaluating’ them.


During Key Stage 1 pupils listen carefully and respond physically to a wide range of music. They play musical instruments and sing a variety of songs from memory, adding accompaniments and creating short compositions, with increasing confidence, imagination and control. They explore and enjoy how sounds and silence can create different moods and effects.

Physical Education

During Key Stage 1 pupils build on their natural enthusiasm for movement, using it to explore and learn about their world. They start to work and play with other pupils in pairs and small groups. By watching, listening and experimenting, they develop their skills in movement and coordination, and enjoy expressing and testing themselves in a variety of situations.


In year 1 the children have 20 minutes of French each week. As in Reception, the emphasis is on listening and speaking and the children come to understand how important it is to have good listening ears for learning a language. In Year 2 the children have 30 minutes of French each week. By year 2 they have a good foundation of French sounds and intonation patterns.

Please find details of our admissions consultation under Key Information - Admissions