Help Your Child with Science


Key facts for Science KS1

Life processes & living things

  • Humans have five senses – taste, touch, hearing, sight and smell.
  • We all need oxygen to stay alive.
  • Humans and animals grow and change.
  • Animals, including humans, produce young and these grow into adults.
  • Babies and children need to be looked after while they are growing.
  • Medicines are useful but are drugs, not foods, so can be dangerous.
  • Drugs such as cigarettes and alcohol can harm your body.
  • Your heart pumps blood around your body.
  • Plants grow and make seeds.
  • A plant has a leaf, root, stem and flower.
  • Plants need light, water and air to grow.
  • You will find different plants and animals in different locations and they will be suited to where they live e.g. a polar bear has thick fur to keep warm.


Materials & their properties

  • Materials have different properties e.g. strong, hard, rough etc.
  • Some materials are magnetic but most are not.
  • All materials can be sorted into natural, e.g. sand, or man-made, e.g. plastic.
  • Water turns to steam when heated but on cooling returns to water.
  • Materials change when they are cooled e.g. water becomes ice.


Physical processes

  • Mains electricity is dangerous.
  • A battery needs to be connected by both the positive and negative pole before electricity will flow.
  • You need a complete circuit with a battery for electricity to flow.
  • Some metals are magnetic e.g. steel.
  • Light comes from a source and there are many different sources e.g. sun, torch etc.
  • Shiny objects can only reflect light and therefore do not shine in the dark.
  • Light helps us to see.
  • It is dangerous to look directly at the sun.
  • Pushes and pulls are forces that can make things speed up, slow down or change direction.
  • Sound is heard through our ears.
  • Sounds get louder the nearer you are to the source.


How many of these amazing science facts do you know?

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