Help Your Child With Literacy
Here’s some really useful information for you, to help your child at school. Below are some useful downloads about phonics in school:
These things will help you with your reading
Early reader skills
- Knows where to start reading.
- Can point to individual words.
- Knows how to follow the text on to the next line.
- Recognises initial sounds of words.
- Knows names of letters in lower case and capitals.
- Uses picture cues to predict story and unknown words.
- Can recognise key words.
Developing reader skills
- Recognises words from a key word list and knows the characters and phrases common to the reading scheme.
- Is able to chunk up words e.g. st-or-m.
- Uses knowledge of blends e.g. ch, sh, fl, etc.
- Is able to predict using story and text.
- Can talk about story and characters; is beginning to use expression.
- Is able to answer questions about how they worked out unknown words.
- Is able to identify words that rhyme.
Established reader skills
- Uses a wide range of strategies to solve unknown words.
- Self corrects and re-reads to check their guess makes sense.
- Can answer questions about what they have read, giving reasons for their answers.
- Can use the ‘word in word’ strategy e.g. can – dle – stick.
- Uses rhymes to predict words.
- Can infer meaning e.g. It said …. in the text.
- Has a large, secure sight vocabulary.
- Reads a range of texts with confidence.
Confident reader skills
- Is able to use gap strategy to work out the meaning of unknown words.
- Is able to make predictions using clues in the text already read combined with past knowledge.
- Enjoys reading for pleasure. Uses contents, index and glossary correctly.
- Is developing skimming and scanning skills.
- Is able to share their opinion about a book, giving precise reasons for liking or disliking the story line, characters or illustrations.
- Is able to read aloud using expression and intonation.
- Reads, taking into account punctuation.
- Is able to read silently and still understand what they have read.
Experienced reader skills
- Is able to read different texts aloud, using pace and voice manipulation to create suspense, excitement and humour.
- Has a knowledge of different authors and is able to comment on their work.
- Has good library skills.
- Is able to make deductions by interpreting the language in poetry.
- Can scan through text quickly to locate precise information.
- Is able to make notes from text, ensuring that all relevant information is included.
- Understands how punctuation affects reading and interpretation of meaning.
- Is able to read silently for prolonged periods and then discuss in detail what they have read.
Look, Cover, Write and Check
The best way to learn to spell new words correctly is to attempt to write them out from memory. Whilst it is very tempting to copy the word, this won’t help you memorise it. Rather than copy it out, try to adopt the following strategy:
Look at the word carefully for a few moments and “say it in your head”. Look for any familiar spelling patterns in the set of words your teacher has given you. (For example; bright, light, sight, night, might). You can also try practising the word in joined handwriting on a piece of scrap paper before attempting the next step.
Cover the word.
Write the word – this helps you remember. Attempt the word on 3 different days rather than on the same day.
Check to see whether you have managed to write the word correctly from memory.
Remember: It’s Look, Cover, Write, Check
not Look, Copy, Write, Check!
Don’t forget to write which pages you have read at home in your planner!